Shrewsbury Castle, a red sandstone fortification, and Shrewsbury Abbey, a former Benedictine monastery, were founded in 10 respectively by the Norman Earl of Shrewsbury, Roger de Montgomery.
Located 9 miles (14 km) east of the Welsh border, Shrewsbury serves as the commercial centre for Shropshire and mid-Wales, with a retail output of over £299 million per year and light industry and distribution centres, such as Battlefield Enterprise Park, on the outskirts.
The A5 and A49 trunk roads cross near to the town, and five railway lines meet at Shrewsbury railway station. Over the ages, the geographically important town has been the site of many conflicts, particularly between the English and Welsh.
The Angles, under King Offa of Mercia, took possession in 778.
He founded Shrewsbury Abbey as a Benedictine monastery in 1083.
The 3rd Earl, Robert of Bellême, was deposed in 1102 and the title forfeited, in consequence of rebelling against Henry I and joining the Duke of Normandy's invasion of England in 1101.
Clive also served once as the town's mayor in 1762.
Two notable examples of 1960s/70s construction in Shrewsbury were demolished in the 2000s — the Telecom Tower on Smithfield Road and the multi-storey car park at St Austin's Friars.
As a result, a number of grand edifices, including the Ireland's Mansion (built 1575) and Draper's Hall (1658), were constructed.
It was also in this period that Edward VI gave permission for the foundation of a free school, which was later to become Shrewsbury School.
In the period directly after Napoleon's surrender after Waterloo (18 June 1815), the town's own 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot was sent to guard him in his exile on St Helena.
A locket containing a lock of the emperor's hair (presented to an officer of the 53rd) remains to this day in the collections of the Shropshire Regimental Museum at Shrewsbury Castle.